How to Start Mushroom Growing Business ?

Overview

Mushroom is a fungus spore-bearing body, fleshy that is produced on the following on soil, or above ground or on its source of food. It is also called as “Toadstool”. If you have any doubts that what conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow then you need to worry. StartupYo helps you to clear all your doubts and provides information like how do I start a mushroom growing business with low investment and many more details. So follow this article to the end and get to know how much can a mushroom farmer make and many more details can.

A Mushroom growing business can be a mean of huge lucrative business in just a few weeks and any individual can start with a low startup amount. The Mushroom farming business can be perfect for the individual who has an own building farm to grow the mushrooms and also who has a bit of knowledge in the field of science and technology. So the study and experience will be required for the cultivation of mushroom.

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Conditions

The following are the conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow:

  • You need to expertise in mushroom growing business.
  • You must make a business plan for mushroom growing business.
  • You should select a variety for mushroom growing business.
  • You have to consider the environment for mushroom growing business.
  • You need to get spawn for mushroom growing business.
  • You must make substrate for mushroom growing business.
  • You should make packing for mushroom growing business.
  • You have to incubate for mushroom growing business.
  • Then, you need to do fruiting in mushroom growing business.
  • You must take protection measures for mushroom growing business.
  • You should harvest the mushrooms.
  • You have to store the mushrooms.
  • You need to do marketing for mushroom growing business.

Read More: How to Start Mushroom farming business ?

The above conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow can be explained briefly in the following:

You need to expertise in mushroom growing business :

You need expertise in mushroom growing business is the first in the conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow. In this step, to gain expertise in mushroom farming it is always better to have technical training. So anyone who have worked on mushroom farming will have an idea on how do I start a mushroom growing business, for training you can contact ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) – Directorate of mushroom research at their official websitewww.nrcmushroom.org which ensures the specific training for mushroom farming.

You must make a business plan for mushroom growing business :

In the second step of conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow is you must make a business plan for mushroom growing business. In this step, some specific business plan requires for starting a small scale business like mushroom growing business. So need to work out on the following details like:

  • You need to work out on a detailed budget.
  • You must write out a clear strategy details.
  • You should make an objective for mushroom growing business.
  • You have to choose what variety of mushroom you want to grow.
  • You need to decide whether you want to do marketing either domestic or export.

You should select a variety for mushroom growing business :

You should select a variety for mushroom growing business is the third step in the conditions is needed for a mushroom to grow. In this step, you need to choose one of the best mushroom varieties for the huge lucrative business. The following are the different varieties of mushrooms:

  • Shiitake Mushroom.
  • White Button Mushroom.
  • Oyster Mushroom.
  • Lions Mane Mushroom.
  • Portobello Mushroom.

The above different varieties of mushrooms have different costs of production. So depending on the factors of the following like investment, long term benefits, quality and many more you need to decide one variety of mushrooms. StartupYo suggest you that “Oyster Mushroom” is the best variety to start mushroom growing business which is budget-friendly, high lucrative and maintains the quality, contains huge market.

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You have to consider the environment for mushroom growing business:

The fourth step of conditions that are needed for a mushroom to grow is you have to consider the environment for mushroom growing business. In this step, for the mushroom production, you need to consider the environment for mushroom growing business. A different variety of mushrooms requires different environmental standards. For instance, Oyster Mushroom requires the following environmental standards like 80 – 90% of humidity, light, 15 – 20 degrees Celsius, good ventilation, and sanitation.

You need to get spawn for mushroom growing business :

You need to get spawn for mushroom growing business is the fifth step in the conditions is needed for a mushroom to grow. In this step, to start the cultivation, you need to have spawned. So you can get either ready – to – inoculate spawns from the following: distributors, retailers, whole-sellers, etc or you can produce your spawns by using a sterile culture.

You must make substrate for mushroom growing business :

In the sixth step of conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow is you must make substrate for mushroom growing business. In this step, on a huge no. of agro-waste that having the following: lignin and cellulose the mushroom can be cultivated that favors in more cellulose enzyme production which is correlated with more yield. You can utilize the following:

  • Stalk of Wheat and Raggi.
  • Cotton leaves
  • maize millets .
  • Sawdust.
  • Dried grasses.
  • Paddy straw.
  • Sugarcane bagasse.
  • Wastes of cotton and jute.
  • Waste of used tea leaf.

Read More: How to Start Poultry farming business ?

Along with the above ingredients, you can also use some industrial wastes like of the following:

  • Byproducts of coffee.
  • Paper mill sludge.
  • Waste of tobacco.

You should make packing for mushroom growing business :

You should make packing for mushroom growing business is the seventh step in the conditions is needed for a mushroom to grow. In this step, the packing process generally involves the following like:

  • Composting the substrate.
  • Filling the bags with composed material.
  • Spawning.
  • Incubate till the stage of maturity stage .

You have to incubate for mushroom growing business :In the conditions that are needed for a mushroom to grow the eighth step is you have to incubate for mushroom growing business. In this step, to stop natural threats like sunlight getting into the room you need to arrange the spawned bags in a dark cropping room on the raised platform. Depending on the different variety of mushrooms you need to keep the growing area at a particular temperature.

You need to do fruiting in mushroom growing business :You need to do fruiting in mushroom growing business is the ninth step in the conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow. In this step, depending upon the environmental humidity water spraying frequently is necessary in the dark cropping room. During fruiting, all different variety of mushrooms requires 70 to 80% of high humidity.

You must take protection measures for mushroom growing business :In the conditions that are needed for a mushroom to grow the tenth step is you must take protection measures for mushroom growing business. In this step, according to the attacks like the following: the mushroom crop is prone to fungal diseases which cause diseases like the following: brown spot, yellow blotch and many more, flies springtails & mites also. So you need to take some particular control measures to avoid damaging of crop,

You should harvest the mushrooms :You should harvest the mushrooms is the eleventh step in the conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow. In this step, before releasing of spores from mushroom the crop should be harvested. By the size and the shape of the fruit body, the right shape for harvesting can be decided. StartupYo advises you to pick the mushrooms at one time from a cube.

You have to store the mushrooms :The twelfth step in the conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow is you have to store the mushrooms. In this step, the storage process occurs and it consists of 02 types and they are of the following:

Long Term Mushroom Processing :In sealed pouches, the dried mushroom with 2 to 4% moisture can be stored for 03 to 04 months without any change in the taste.

Short Term Mushroom Processing :The fresh harvested mushroom with 0 to 05 degrees Celsius can be stored for max 02 weeks at low temperature.

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Profits

How much can a mushroom farmer make is the last step in the conditions is needed for a mushroom to grow. In this step, High-quality commercial mushroom cultivation is lucrative which demands a good market in both the following: domestic and export. In the domestic, you can market to the local vegetable shops, retailers, etc. You can also export it to the following countries like the following:

  • USA
  • Russia
  • Switzerland
  • UAE
  • Germany
  • UK

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